Definition Mitochondrial disease result from failures of the mitochondria, specialized compartments present in every cell of the body (except red blood cells). Mitochondria are responsible for creating more than 90% of the energy needed by the body to sustain life and support organ function. When they fail, less and less …Read More »
Molar Pregnancy- Causes, Treatment and Prevention
Definition Molar Pregnancy often referred to as Hydatidiform Mole is a rare pregnancy complication. Molar pregnancy is basically a type of gestational trophoblastic disease that occurs when tissues that instead of normally developing into a fetus, turns into an abnormal growth. The condition is characterized by unusual growth of trophoblasts, …Read More »
Myocarditis – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Definition Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium). The inflammation of the heart muscle causes degeneration or death of heart muscle cells. Myocarditis has many different causes and can result in a range of outcomes from mild (presenting briefly and resolving) to rapidly progressing fatal disease. It is differentiated …Read More »
Milroy’s Disease – Causes, Diagnosis, and Prevention.
Milroy’s Disease – Definition Milroy’s Disease is a condition that affects the normal function of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system produces and transports fluids and immune cells throughout the body. Impaired transport with an accumulation of lymph fluid can cause swelling (lymphedema). Individuals with Milroy disease typically have lymphedema …Read More »
Microtia – Causes, Treatment, and Complications.
Description Microtia is a congenital deformity of the outer ear where the ear does not fully develop during the first trimester of pregnancy. The word “microtia” comes from the Latin words “micro” and “otia”, meaning “little ear.” Microtia ears can vary in appearance but are usually smaller in size, often …Read More »
Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)- Definition, Treatment, and Prevention.
Definition Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a group of diseases that affect the blood and bone marrow. Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue inside bones. In MDS, the blood-forming cells (stem cells) in the marrow slow down, or even stop, making the 3 types of blood cells: Red blood cells …Read More »
Migraine – Causes, Pathophysiology, and Treatment.
Description A migraine is a neurological condition that causes a severe or a moderate headache on one side of the head with throbbing pain. This headache may radiate towards the forehead or temple, eyes and makes a person to develop nausea, vomiting, vision problems, and sensitivity to normal light or …Read More »
Malaria – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention
Definition Malaria is one of the major public health problems of the country. Around 1.5 million confirmed cases are reported annually by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), of which 40–50% is due to Plasmodium falciparum. It is curable if effective treatment is started early. Delay in treatment …Read More »