congenital disorders

Arthrogryposis – Types, Risk Factors and Treatment

Definition Arthrogryposis, also known as arthrogryposis multiplex congenita or AMC, is a birth defect in which a child has various joints that are tight (contracted) with decreased motion, stiffness, deformity, and difficulty with function. The incidence for this is one in 3,000 live births. It is not a progressive disorder. …

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Microtia – Causes, Treatment, and Complications.

Description Microtia is a congenital deformity of the outer ear where the ear does not fully develop during the first trimester of pregnancy.  The word “microtia” comes from the Latin words “micro” and “otia”, meaning “little ear.”  Microtia ears can vary in appearance but are usually smaller in size, often …

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Bicornuate Uterus- Definition, Causes and Treatment

Definition Bicornuate Uterus (also called heart-shaped uterus), is a congenital (present at birth) condition where the uterus has two cavities (spaces) instead of one large cavity. Most women with this condition don’t need surgery to repair it. A bicornuate uterus consists of two symmetric uterine horns unified by caudal fusion. …

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