Bacterial Diseases

Endocarditis – Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Definition Endocarditis is an infection of the inner lining of the heart and its valves. The infection is caused by bacteria or fungi that enter the bloodstream through the mucous membranes of the mouth, open wounds, needles. It can also occur from medical procedures which involve cutting through infected skin. …

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Yersiniosis – Causes, Pathophysiology, and Prevention.

What is yersiniosis? Yersiniosis is a disease caused by bacteria called Yersinia. Although many species of Yersinia are found worldwide, most human illnesses are caused by Yersinia enterocolitica. Other species of Yersinia affecting humans are Y. pseudotuberculosis, which causes an illness similar to Y. enterocolitica, and Y. pestis which causes …

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Anthrax – Causes, Dangers, Treatment, and Prevention

Definition Anthrax, also called malignant pustule or woolsorters disease, acute, infectious, febrile disease of animals and humans caused by Bacillus anthracis, a bacterium that under certain conditions forms highly resistant spores capable of persisting and retaining their virulence for many years. Although it is most commonly affects grazing animals such …

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Actinomycosis – Causes, Pathophysiology, and Diagnosis.

Overview – Actinomycosis Actinomycosis is a rare subacute or chronic bacterial infection that causes both suppurative and granulomatous inflammation. Characteristics include localized swelling with suppuration, abscess formation, fibrosis and sinus drainage of pus containing ‘sulfur granules’. Actinomycetes are normal colonizing organisms of the oral cavity and may also be present …

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Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)- Causes and Treatment

What is Bacterial Vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a mild infection in the vagina. It develops when there’s an imbalance between the “good” bacteria in the vagina that are helpful and the “bad” bacteria that can cause problems. Bacterial vaginosis may cause pain, itching, and bad-smelling discharge. But most girls …

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