Overview Knee pain is becoming an extremely common problem, especially in the younger population. Several reasons, such as wear and tear, or an injury, can cause knee pain. There are many different ways to treat knee pain, depending on the patient’s cause and condition. Knee pain can affect various parts …Read More »
Keratosis Pilaris (KP) – Pathophysiology, Types and Treatment
What is Keratosis pilaris? Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a very common skin condition, typically seen in children and young adults. The term ‘keratosis’ means that there is too much keratin, the protein that protects skin from infections and other harmful things, while ‘pilaris’ comes from the Latin for hair (pilus). …Read More »
Kniest Dysplasia – Causes, Complications, and Prevention
Definition Kniest dysplasia is collagenopathy collagen II affecting bone growth and is characterized by short stature (dwarfism), other skeletal abnormalities, and hearing and vision problems. The latter are mostly myopia, vitreous degeneration, and retinal detachment. Skeletal features may include kyphoscoliosis, platyspondyly, dumbbell-shaped bones in the arms and legs, long, gnarled …Read More »
Kaposi Sarcoma – Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment.
What is Kaposi sarcoma? Kaposi sarcoma is a rare cancer that gained widespread attention during the early days of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency (HIV/AIDS) infections. Since then, innovative medical research and treatment significantly reduced the number of Kaposi sarcoma cases. People with weakened immune systems are susceptible to Kaposi …Read More »
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome – Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment
Definition Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital malformation involving blood and lymph vessels and abnormal growth of soft and bone tissue. Typical symptoms include hemangiomas (abnormal benign growths on the skin consisting of masses of blood vessels) and varicose veins. Fused toes or fingers, or extra toes or fingers, …Read More »
Kwashiorkor – Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis.
What is kwashiorkor? Kwashiorkor is a type of malnutrition that is most common in areas of drought and famine. It is due to inadequate protein in the diet despite an adequate caloric intake. Symptoms may include irritability and fatigue followed by slowed growth, weight loss, and muscle wasting, generalized swelling, …Read More »
Keloid scars – Pathophysiology, Causes, Symptoms and Complications
Definition Keloid scars are simply means your skin has suffered a wound. This is most often caused by an injury or through surgery. There are tissues in your body called fibrous tissue. These tissues are also known as scar tissues and they will form scars right over a wound. Sometimes …Read More »
Kidney Stone (Nephrolithiasis)- Causes, Treatment and Prevention
Definition A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract. Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine (hematuria) and often severe pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. Kidney stones are sometimes called renal calculi. The condition of having …Read More »