What are Neurocutaneous Syndromes? Neurocutaneous syndromes is the term used for a group of rare neurological disorders that affect the brain, spinal cord, organs, skin, bones and peripheral nerve. Present at birth (congenital), these disorders are chronic, lifelong conditions. Each disorder has different symptoms, and can include tumors, hearing loss, …Read More »
Necrotising Fasciitis (NF) – Types, Causes and Treatment
Definition Necrotising fasciitis is a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection that consists of rapidly progressing necrosis of fascia and subcutaneous fat that eventually results in necrosis of the overlying skin and muscle. The most rapidly progressing type of necrotising fasciitis is Group A streptococcal infection, also known as flesh-eating bacteria. Necrotising …Read More »
NTM Lung Disease or Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease
What is NTM Lung Disease? Nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease or NTM Lung Disease is a serious infection caused by bacteria that are common in the environment and can cause lung damage. Nontuberculous mycobacteria, shortened to NTM, are a type of bacteria found in water and soil. They are aerosolized, which means that the bacteria …Read More »
Nephrocalcinosis – Summary, Pathophysiology, and Prevention.
Nephrocalcinosis – Summary Nephrocalcinosis is a disorder that occurs when too much calcium is deposited in the kidneys. It commonly occurs in premature infants. Individuals may not have symptoms or may have symptoms related to the condition causing Nephrocalcinosis. If kidney stones are present, symptoms may include blood in the …Read More »
Nightmare Disorder – Causes, Treatment and Prevention
Definition Nightmare disorder is a sleep disorder in which frequent disturbing dreams interfere with a person’s ability to function well during the day or cause emotional distress. Nightmares typically occur during a phase of sleep called rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. This phase usually occurs relatively late in the sleep …Read More »
Neuroendocrine Tumours – Symptoms, Causes, and Diagnosis.
What are Neuroendocrine Tumours? The neuroendocrine system is a network of glands and nerve cells that make hormones and release them into the bloodstream. These hormones help control normal body functions, for example digesting food. Neuroendocrine cells are found throughout the body, but mainly in the gastro-intestinal tract (including large …Read More »
Nasopharyngeal Cancer – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment.
What is called Nasoharyngeal Cancer? Nasopharyngeal cancer is a type of head and neck cancer. It is sometimes called nasopharyngeal carcinoma or NPC. It is a disease of the nasopharynx, which is the air passage between the nose and the throat and lungs. It is located behind the nasal cavity …Read More »
Nosebleed or Epistaxis – Risk factors and Home Remedies.
What is a Nosebleed? Simply put, a nosebleed is the loss of blood from the tissue that lines the inside of your nose. Nosebleeds (also called epistaxis) are common. Some 60% of people will have at least one nosebleed in their lifetime. The location of the nose in the middle …Read More »