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Phlebitis – Types, Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

What is Phlebitis? Phlebitis, also known as vein inflammation, is a medical condition characterized by the inflammation of a superficial vein, typically close to the surface of the skin. This inflammation occurs when a blood clot forms within the affected vein, leading to swelling, pain, and redness in the area. …

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Patellar Tendinitis – Types, Complications and Treatment

Definition Patellar tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendon that attaches the patella (kneecap) to the tibia (shin bone). The most common tendinitis about the knee is irritation of the patellar tendon. Commonly called “jumper’s knee”. This condition is commonly seen in people who play basketball, volleyball, distance running, long-jumping, …

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Pneumococcal Disease – Introduction, Causes, and Treatment

What is Pneumococcal Disease? Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae (also known as pneumococcus). It’s contagious and may cause severe illness, so early diagnosis and treatment is important. Pneumococcal disease can affect many different systems in your body. It may result in conditions with mild symptoms like …

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Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM) – Overview

What is primary amoebic meningoencephalitis? Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM), also called amoebic meningitis, is a serious illness. It causes inflammation of the brain. An amoeba (Naegleria fowleri) causes PAM. The amoebas live in warm, fresh water and soil. Infection often happens during water-based recreational activities. Although many people have contact with the …

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Parasomnias – Types, Causes, Epidemiology and Treatment

Definition Parasomnias are a group of sleep disorders marked by unusual actions, activities, or physiological events that occur during sleep or sleep-wake transitions. Parasomnias are divided according to the sleep phase in which the symptoms occur, either rapid eye movement (REM) or non-REM (NREM). Symptoms may include simple or complex …

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