Vibrio Vulnificus – Definition, Transmission and Risk Factors

Definition Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium that occurs naturally in marine and estuarine waters throughout the world. It thrives in warm waters (especially warmer than 18 degrees C) and it is therefore common in tropical and subtropical estuarine and sea waters. The bacterium can be present in the water itself …

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Ehrlichiosis – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

What is Ehrlichiosis? Ehrlichiosis is an illness caused by the bacteria Ehrlichia chaffeensis, E. ewingii or E. muris eauclairensis. You can get ehrlichiosis through the bite of infected ticks, including the lone star tick and the blacklegged tick. Symptoms can start out mild and flu-like, but if not treated quickly, …

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Kniest Dysplasia – Causes, Complications, and Prevention

Definition Kniest dysplasia is collagenopathy collagen II affecting bone growth and is characterized by short stature (dwarfism), other skeletal abnormalities, and hearing and vision problems. The latter are mostly myopia, vitreous degeneration, and retinal detachment. Skeletal features may include kyphoscoliosis, platyspondyly, dumbbell-shaped bones in the arms and legs, long, gnarled …

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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning – Description and Prevention

Description Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs when carbon monoxide builds up in your bloodstream. When too much carbon monoxide is in the air, your body replaces the oxygen in your red blood cells with carbon monoxide. This can lead to serious tissue damage, or even death. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, …

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Haemophilus Influenzae – Diagnosis and Prevention

What is Haemophilus influenzae? Haemophilus influenzae or H. influenzae, represents a group of bacteria that may cause different types of infections in infants and children. H. influenzae most commonly causes ear, eye, or sinus infections, and pneumonia. A more serious strain of the bacteria called H. influenzae type b has been …

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