Chilblains – Pathophysiology, Risk factors, and Diagnosis.

Overview – Chilblains Chilblains (CHILL-blayns) are the painful inflammation of small blood vessels in your skin that occur in response to repeated exposure to cold but not freezing air. Also known as pernio, chilblains can cause itching, red patches, swelling and blistering on your hands and feet. Chilblains usually clear …

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Blastomycosis – Causes, Complications, and Prevention.

Overview – Blastomycosis Blastomycosis is a systemic pyogranulomatous infection usually caused by the inhalation of (spores) conidia of Blastomyces dermatitidis. Clinical presentations vary widely, ranging from an asymptomatic, self-limited pulmonary infection to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a life-threatening disease. Blastomycosis is not known to spread from person to person. …

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Hemangioma- Overview, Complications, and Treatment

Definition Hemangioma is a type of benign (non-cancerous) tumor in infants. This abnormal cluster of small blood vessels appears on or under the skin, typically within one to three weeks after birth. Often, there is no mark or only a faint birthmark on the skin that brightens in color and …

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Morgellons Disease – Symptoms, Test, and Diagnosis.

What is Morgellons disease? Morgellons disease (MD) is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of fibers underneath, embedded in, and erupting from unbroken skin or slow-healing sores. Some people with the condition also experience a sensation of crawling, biting, and stinging on and in their skin. These symptoms can …

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Apraxia – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.

What Is Apraxia? Apraxia is a poorly understood neurological condition. People who have it find it difficult or impossible to make certain motor movements, even though their muscles are normal. Milder forms of apraxia are known as dyspraxia. Apraxia can occur in a number of different forms. One form is …

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Lissencephaly- Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition Lissencephaly, which literally means “smooth brain,” is a rare, gene-linked brain malformation characterized by the absence of normal convolutions (folds) in the cerebral cortex and an abnormally small head (microcephaly). In the usual condition of lissencephaly, children usually have a normal-sized head at birth.  In children with reduced head …

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