Leptospirosis – Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

What is Leptospirosis? Leptospirosis is a rare bacterial infection we get from animals. It’s spread through their urine, especially from dogs, rodents, and farm animals. They may not have any symptoms, but they can be carriers. In most cases, leptospirosis is unpleasant but not life-threatening, like a case of the …

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Rhabdomyolysis – Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Prevention

What is rhabdomyolysis? Rhabdomyolysis can be a life-threatening condition caused by muscle breakdown and muscle death. This dangerous muscle damage can result from overexertion, trauma, toxic substances or disease. As muscle cells disintegrate, they release a protein called myoglobin into the blood. The kidneys are responsible for removing this myoglobin from the …

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Endophthalmitis – Classification, Symptoms, and Prevention

Definition Endophthalmitis is an inflammatory process of the inner layers of the eye, which may be either infectious or sterile. Infectious endophthalmitis can lead to irreversible vision loss if not treated quickly. Based on the entry mode of the infectious source, endophthalmitis is divided into endogenous and exogenous types. Exogenous …

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Necrotising Fasciitis (NF) – Types, Causes and Treatment

Definition Necrotising fasciitis is a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection that consists of rapidly progressing necrosis of fascia and subcutaneous fat that eventually results in necrosis of the overlying skin and muscle. The most rapidly progressing type of necrotising fasciitis is Group A streptococcal infection, also known as flesh-eating bacteria. Necrotising …

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Trichotillomania – Causes, Classification, and Prevention

Definition Trichotillomania (TTM), or hair pulling disorder, is a repetitive behaviour that involves an irresistible urge to repeatedly pull out one’s own hair. Trichotillomania belongs to a group of disorders known as body-focused repetitive disorders, in which individuals compulsively damage their physical appearance. Individuals with trichotillomania may pull out hair …

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