Actinomycosis – Causes, Pathophysiology, and Diagnosis.

Overview – Actinomycosis Actinomycosis is a rare subacute or chronic bacterial infection that causes both suppurative and granulomatous inflammation. Characteristics include localized swelling with suppuration, abscess formation, fibrosis and sinus drainage of pus containing ‘sulfur granules’. Actinomycetes are normal colonizing organisms of the oral cavity and may also be present …

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Sepsis – Pathophysiology, Treatment, and Prevention.

What is sepsis? Sepsis is a life-threatening illness caused by your body’s response to an infection. Your immune system protects you from many illnesses and infections, but it’s also possible for it to go into overdrive in response to an infection. Sepsis develops when the chemicals the immune system releases …

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Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)- Treatment and Prevention

Definition Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a severe and life-threatening complication of diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when the cells in our body do not receive the sugar (glucose) they need for energy. This happens while there is plenty of glucose in the bloodstream, but not enough insulin to help convert glucose …

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