Definition Osteoarthritis (also known as OA) is a common joint disease that most often affects middle-age to elderly people. It is commonly referred to as “wear and tear” of the joints, but we now know that OA is a disease of the entire joint, involving the cartilage, joint lining, ligaments, …Read More »
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) – Overview, Types and Treatment
Overview of Osteogenesis Imperfecta Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder of connective tissues caused by an abnormality in the synthesis or processing of type I collagen (the protein that is responsible for bone structure). It is also called brittle bone disease. It is characterized by an increased susceptibility to …Read More »
Ocular Migraine or Retinal Migraine – Symptoms, and Treatment
What is Ocular Migraine? Ocular migraine is a painless, temporary visual disturbance that can affect one or both eyes. Though they can be frightening, ocular migraines typically are harmless and self-resolve without medication within 20 to 30 minutes. If an ocular migraine-like vision disturbance is followed by a throbbing, usually …Read More »
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – Overview and Types
Definition Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) involves unwanted and disturbing thoughts, images, or urges (obsessions) that intrude into a child/teen’s mind and cause a great deal of anxiety or discomfort, which the child/teen then tries to reduce by engaging in repetitive behaviors or mental acts (compulsions). As its name suggests, obsessive-compulsive …Read More »
Osteoid Osteomas – Prevalence, Classification, and Treatment
Definition Osteoid osteomas is a type of bone tumor. It is not cancer (benign). It remains in the same place it starts. It will not spread to other bones or parts of your body. The center of an osteoid osteoma is the nidus. It consists of growing tumor cells, blood …Read More »
Ovarian Cyst – Types, Causes, Treatment and Prevention
Definition Ovarian cyst is an abnormal fluid-filled pocket that develops on the inside of a girl’s ovaries. The ovaries are the female reproductive organ and are found in the lower abdomen. The ovaries release an egg during the ovulation phase of each menstrual cycle (period). Cysts in the ovaries are relatively …Read More »
Oral Thrush – Symptoms, Causes, and Medications.
About Oral Thrush Oral thrush happens when a yeast infection develops inside your mouth. It’s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or simply thrush. Oral thrush most often occurs in infants and toddlers. It causes white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue. Those bumps …Read More »
Obstetric Fistula – Causes, Complications, and Treatment.
Description Obstetric fistula, abnormal duct or passageway that forms between the vagina and a nearby organ. This type of fistula most often forms either between the bladder and the vagina (vesicovaginal fistula) or between the rectum and the vagina (rectovaginal fistula). Obstetric fistulas frequently occur as a result of complications …Read More »