What is called Food Allergy? Reaction to certain food components is called food allergy. It occurs when the cells of the immune system recognise a substance in food as harmful and try to destroy it. The substance which triggers an allergic reaction is called an allergen. The most common allergen …Read More »
Febrile Seizures – Symptoms, Pathophysiology, and Diagnosis.
What is febrile seizures? A febrile seizure is a convulsion in a child that’s caused by a fever. The fever is often from an infection. Febrile seizures occur in young, healthy children who have normal development and haven’t had any neurological symptoms before. It can be frightening when your child …Read More »
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) – Definition, Causes, and Treatment
Definition Familial hypercholesterolemia is a common life-threatening genetic condition that causes high cholesterol. Untreated, FH leads to early heart attacks and heart disease. People with FH have a high amount of low density lipoprotein (LDL) or “bad cholesterol” due to a mutation in one of the genes that controls the …Read More »
Failed back surgery syndrome – Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention
Definition Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) refers to chronic back or neck pain, with or without extremity pain, that can occur if a spine surgery does not achieve the desired result. Contributing factors to pain that returns following spine surgery include but are not limited to recurrent disc herniation, further …Read More »
Fetal Macrosomia – Causes, Complications and Treatment
Definition Fetal macrosomia is medical condition where a baby is born with more weight and size than usual. In case of this disease, a child might have a birth weight of more than 8 pounds or 4000 grams. About 9 percent of children, worldwide, are born with this syndrome. The …Read More »
Fabry Disease – Causes, Risk Factors, Complications, and Treatment.
What is Fabry Disease? Fabry Disease (FD) is a rare genetic disorder caused by a defective gene (the GLA gene) in the body. In most cases, the defect in the gene causes a deficient quantity of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. This enzyme is necessary for the daily breakdown (metabolism) of …Read More »
Flat Feet- Overview, Types, Causes and Treatment
Definition Flat Feet (also known as pes planus) describes a condition in which the longitudinal (lengthwise) and/or medial (crosswise) arches of the foot are dropped down or flat. The entire bottom of the barefoot is in contact with the floor or ground surface during standing, walking, and other weight-bearing activities. …Read More »
Flatulence – Description, Treatment, and Diagnosis.
Definition Flatulence is the expulsion of gas from the gastrointestinal tract through the rectum. Daily, the average person produces one to four pints of gas and expels it up to 14 times. Although flatulence can cause embarrassment to some people, it is a natural occurrence. Eating certain foods or drinking …Read More »