Heart diseases

Truncus Arteriosus – Types, Causes and Prevention

What is Truncus Arteriosus? Truncus arteriosus is a congenital heart defect characterized by the improper development of the embryonic heart during fetal growth. In a normal heart, the aorta and pulmonary artery are separate vessels that carry oxygenated and deoxygenated blood, respectively. However, in individuals with truncus arteriosus, there is …

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Bradycardia – Types, Causes and Treatment

What is Bradycardia? Bradycardia is a medical condition characterized by an abnormally slow heart rate. In individuals with bradycardia, the heart beats at a rate slower than the normal range, typically below 60 beats per minute (bpm) in adults. This condition can be caused by various factors, including age-related changes, …

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Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome (WPW) – Types, and Treatment

What is Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome? Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is characterised by attacks of rapid heart rate (tachycardia), which is shown in an electrocardiogram (ECG). In some people the ECG abnormality may be present without any symptoms such as tachycardia. The heartbeat is regulated by electrical impulses that travel through the atria (upper …

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