Definition Cyanosis is the medical term for a bluish color of the skin and the mucous membranes due to an insufficient level of oxygen in the blood. For example, the lips and fingernails may show cyanosis. Cyanosis can be evident at birth due to the presence of a heart malformation …Read More »
Fifth Disease or Slapped Cheek Syndrome – Diagnosis and Treatment.
Description Fifth disease is a mild viral infection caused by human parvovirus B19. It’s more common in children than adults. It’s called fifth disease because it was fifth on a list of illnesses that caused rashes in children in the past. Fifth disease is sometimes called “slapped cheek disease.” The …Read More »
Trigeminal Neuralgia – Complications, Treatment, and Prevention.
What is Trigeminal Neuralgia? Trigeminal neuralgia is sudden, severe facial pain. It’s often described as a sharp shooting pain or like having an electric shock in the jaw, teeth or gums. It usually happens in short, unpredictable attacks that can last from a few seconds to about 2 minutes. The attacks …Read More »
Germ Cell Tumors – Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention.
What are germ cell tumors? Germ cell tumors are malignant (cancerous) or nonmalignant (benign, noncancerous) tumors that are comprised mostly of germ cells. Germ cells are the cells that develop in the embryo (fetus, or unborn baby) and become the cells that make up the reproductive system in males and …Read More »
Angioedema – Risk Factors, Complications, and Treatment.
What is Angioedema? Angioedema is a skin reaction similar to urticaria. It is most often characterised by an abrupt and short-lived swelling of the skin and mucous membranes. All parts of the body may be affected but swelling most often occurs around the eyes and lips. In severe cases, the internal …Read More »
Chilblains – Pathophysiology, Risk factors, and Diagnosis.
Overview – Chilblains Chilblains (CHILL-blayns) are the painful inflammation of small blood vessels in your skin that occur in response to repeated exposure to cold but not freezing air. Also known as pernio, chilblains can cause itching, red patches, swelling and blistering on your hands and feet. Chilblains usually clear …Read More »
Lymphadenitis – Causes, Treatment, and Prevention.
What is lymphadenitis? Lymphadenitis is the medical term for enlargement in one or more lymph nodes, usually due to infection. Lymph nodes are filled with white blood cells that help your body fight infections. When lymph nodes become infected, it’s usually because an infection started somewhere else in your body. …Read More »
Corns and Calluses – Causes, Treatment, and Prevention.
What are corns and calluses? Corns and calluses are annoying and potentially painful conditions that form thickened areas in the skin in areas of excessive pressure. The medical term for the thickened skin that forms corns and calluses is hyperkeratosis (plural=hyperkeratoses). A callus refers to a more diffuse, flattened area …Read More »