Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)- Causes and Treatment

What is Bacterial Vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a mild infection in the vagina. It develops when there’s an imbalance between the “good” bacteria in the vagina that are helpful and the “bad” bacteria that can cause problems. Bacterial vaginosis may cause pain, itching, and bad-smelling discharge. But most girls …

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Orthopnea – Definition, Causes, and Treatment

Orthopnea definition Orthopnea is the shortness of breath that happens while a person lying flat. The shortness of breath is followed by a tightness feeling in the chest and the feeling is as if he or she is not able to get enough oxygen for proper breathing. This occurs usually …

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Foraminal Stenosis – Prevention, Causes and Treatment

Definition of foraminal stenosis Foraminal stenosis is the narrowing of the cervical disc space. The foraminal canal is the transitional bony canal between the large spinal canal and the free nerve root passing out to the shoulder, arms and hands or buttock, thighs and legs. This narrowing puts pressure on …

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Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) – Overview

Description – SCID Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is the name given to a group of rare, inherited disorders that cause major abnormalities of the immune system. They form part of a larger group of conditions known as primary immunodeficiencies. The immune system abnormalities in SCID lead to greatly increased risks …

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Gangrene – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

What is gangrene?   Gangrene, which refers to tissue death caused by a severe shortage of blood supply or serious bacterial infection, occurs in lower extremities. It is more common in the toes than other parts of the body. Gangrene tends to happen more often among people with peripheral artery …

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Lymphedema – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention.

Lymphedema: Description Lymphoedema is a long-term (chronic) condition that causes swelling in the body’s tissues. It can affect any part of the body but usually develops in the arms or legs. Lymphedema develops when the lymphatic system doesn’t work properly. The lymphatic system is a network of channels and glands …

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Finger Infection – Causes, Treatment and Prevention.

Description Injury or infection to a finger or fingers is a common problem. Infection can range from mild to potentially serious. Often, these infections start out small and are relatively easy to treat. Failure to properly treat these infections can result in permanent disability or loss of the finger. Early …

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Shoulder Impingement Syndrome – Causes and Diagnosis

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome – Definition Shoulder impingement refers to mechanical compression and/or wear of the rotator cuff tendons. The rotator cuff is actually a series of four muscles and tendons connecting the scapula (shoulder blade) to the humeral head (upper part of the arm bone). These muscles are located deep …

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ADA Deficiency – Overview, Causes, and Prognosis.

ADA Deficiency – Description Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency is an inherited disorder that damages the immune system and causes severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). People with SCID lack virtually all immune protection from bacteria, viruses, and fungi. They are prone to repeat and persistent infections that can be very serious or …

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Ichthyosis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition Ichthyosis is a generalized, mostly genetic disorder of the skin. All types of ichthyosis have dry, thickened, scaly or flaky skin. There is no cure, but symptoms are usually mild and manageable with a daily skin care routine. The severity of symptoms can vary extremely, from the mildest types …

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Phimosis – Overview, Causes, and Treatment.

Overview Phimosis is defined as the inability to retract the skin (foreskin or prepuce) covering the head (glans) of the penis. Phimosis may appear as a tight ring or “rubber band” of foreskin around the tip of the penis, preventing full retraction. Types of Phimosis                          Phimosis is divided into two …

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Uveitis – Definition, Causes and Treatment

Definition Uveitis is a general term describing a group of inflammatory diseases that produces swelling and destroys eye tissues. These diseases can slightly reduce vision or lead to severe vision loss. The term “uveitis” is used because the diseases often affect a part of the eye called the uvea. Nevertheless, …

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