Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP)- Causes and Treatment

Definition of Retinitis Pigmentosa Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the name given to a group of inherited eye diseases that affect the retina (the light-sensitive part of the eye). RP causes the breakdown of photoreceptor cells (cells in the retina that detect light). Photoreceptor cells capture and process light helping us …

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Acne Vulgaris – Causes, Treatment and Prevention

What is Acne vulgaris? Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit, which runs a chronic course and it is self-limiting. Acne vulgaris is triggered by Propionibacterium acne in adolescence, under the influence of normal circulating dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). It is a very common skin disorder which can present …

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Biceps Tendonitis or Tendinitis- Causes and Treatment

Definition- Biceps Tendonitis Biceps Tendonitis is caused by micro-tears in the tendon and it is called tendonitis (sometimes spelled “tendinitis”). Even though tendons are tough, if you overuse them they can become sore and painful. Tendonitis can occur because of repetitive motion. For instance, professional baseball players, swimmers, tennis players, …

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Batten Disease – Causes and Treatment

Batten Disease – Definition Batten disease is the name for a group of inherited nervous system disorders that most often begin in childhood and interfere with a cell’s ability to recycle a cellular residue called lipofuscin. Batten is commonly being used to describe the many forms of the disease, called …

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Eye Floaters – Types, Causes, and Treatment

Eye floaters definition Eye floaters are deposits or condensation in the vitreous (often referred to as vitreous humor, vitreous fluid, or vitreous gel), the material that fills the posterior part of the eye. People use the term eye floaters to describe seeing spots within their vision that move or “float” …

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Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis – Risk factors and Prevention.

Description – Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), also called extrinsic allergic alveolitis, is a respiratory syndrome involving the lung parenchyma and specifically the alveoli, terminal bronchioli, and alveolar interstitium, due to a delayed allergic reaction. Such reaction is secondary to a repeated and prolonged inhalation of different types of organic …

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Nail Clubbing – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.

Nail Clubbing – Overview Nail clubbing is a change in the structure of fingernails or toenails in which the finger and nail take on the appearance of an upside-down spoon, and become red and sponge-like. Clubbing is a medical condition first described by Hippocrates in which the fingers (and/or toes) …

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Interstitial Lung Disease – Complications and Treatment.

Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) – Description Interstitial lung disease is a general category that includes many different lung conditions. All interstitial lung diseases affect the interstitium, a part of the lungs’ anatomic structure. The interstitium is a lace-like network of tissue that extends throughout both lungs. The interstitium provides support …

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Colon Polyps – Causes, Treatment and Prevention.

Definition of Colon Polyps  Colon polyps or colorectal polyps are small, fleshy growths that form in the inner lining of the large intestine or the rectal region. These are usually benign although in some instances they can progress into cancer. In fact, malignant transformation in polyps is one of the …

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Gigantism – Definition, Causes, and Treatment.

Definition of Gigantism Gigantism is a rare condition that causes abnormal growth in children. This change is most notable in terms of height, but girth is affected as well. It occurs when your child’s pituitary gland makes too much growth hormone, which is also known as somatotropin. Early diagnosis is …

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Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)- Causes and Treatment

What is Bacterial Vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a mild infection in the vagina. It develops when there’s an imbalance between the “good” bacteria in the vagina that are helpful and the “bad” bacteria that can cause problems. Bacterial vaginosis may cause pain, itching, and bad-smelling discharge. But most girls …

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Orthopnea – Definition, Causes, and Treatment

Orthopnea definition Orthopnea is the shortness of breath that happens while a person lying flat. The shortness of breath is followed by a tightness feeling in the chest and the feeling is as if he or she is not able to get enough oxygen for proper breathing. This occurs usually …

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