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Myocarditis – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Definition Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium). The inflammation of the heart muscle causes degeneration or death of heart muscle cells. Myocarditis has many different causes and can result in a range of outcomes from mild (presenting briefly and resolving) to rapidly progressing fatal disease. It is differentiated …

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Milroy’s Disease – Causes, Diagnosis, and Prevention.

Milroy’s Disease – Definition Milroy’s Disease is a condition that affects the normal function of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system produces and transports fluids and immune cells throughout the body. Impaired transport with an accumulation of lymph fluid can cause swelling (lymphedema). Individuals with Milroy disease typically have lymphedema …

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Microtia – Causes, Treatment, and Complications.

Description Microtia is a congenital deformity of the outer ear where the ear does not fully develop during the first trimester of pregnancy.  The word “microtia” comes from the Latin words “micro” and “otia”, meaning “little ear.”  Microtia ears can vary in appearance but are usually smaller in size, often …

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Malaria : Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Malaria is one of the major public health problems of the country. Around 1.5 million confirmed cases are reported annually by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), of which 40–50% is due to Plasmodium falciparum. Malaria is curable if effective treatment is started early. Delay in treatment …

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Myelofibrosis (MF) – Causes, Complications and Diagnosis

Definition Myelofibrosis is a disorder that affects bone marrow, which produces blood cells. This disorder will result in the growth of scar tissue in bone marrow and blood cells cannot develop properly. MF patients have low blood cell, white blood and platelet counts lead to anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia, fatigue, …

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Malignant mesothelioma: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition Malignant mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that affects the thin lining of the body’s internal organs, known as the mesothelium. As the word malignant implies, it is a deadly disease that often has a poor prognosis. Malignant mesothelioma forms in the thin layer of tissue that covers …

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Melanoma: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Definition Melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer, develops in the cells (melanocytes) that produce melanin the pigment that gives your skin its color. Melanoma can also form in your eyes and, rarely, in internal organs, such as your intestines. Melanoma History Although melanoma is not a new disease, …

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Myotonic dystrophy: causes, treatment and prevention.

Definition Myotonic dystrophy is an inherited type of muscular dystrophy that affects the muscles and other body systems. People who have myotonic dystrophy have muscle wasting and weakness in their lower legs, hands, neck and face that get worse over time. Signs and symptoms of myotonic dystrophy usually develop when …

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Marfan syndrome: Causes, risk factors and treatment.

Definition Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the body’s connective tissue. Connective tissue holds all the body’s cells, organs and tissue together. It also plays an important role in helping the body grow and develop properly.  Normal and marfan syndrome Connective tissue is made up of proteins. The …

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