What is Colorado Tick Fever? Colorado tick fever (CTF), also known as Mountain tick fever or American mountain fever, is a viral disease caused by infection with the Colorado tick fever virus (CTFV), a member of the Coltivirus genera. CTF is transmitted to humans most commonly by the bite of …Read More »
Aplastic Anemia – Classification, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Definition Aplastic anemia (AA) can be inherited or acquired. Inherited forms usually present during the first decade of life, but in rare cases may manifest in adulthood. It is a rare blood disorder in which it occurs when a child’s bone marrow produces too few of the three types of …Read More »
NTM Lung Disease or Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease
What is NTM Lung Disease? Nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease or NTM Lung Disease is a serious infection caused by bacteria that are common in the environment and can cause lung damage. Nontuberculous mycobacteria, shortened to NTM, are a type of bacteria found in water and soil. They are aerosolized, which means that the bacteria …Read More »
Sacroiliitis – Epidemiology, Types, Treatment and Prevention
Definition Sacroiliitis is a condition in which the sacroiliac (SI) joint – the large joint located between the sacrum (the tailbone) and the ilium (the pelvis) becomes inflamed or disrupted, and causes pain. There are two sacroiliac joints, one on the right side and one on the left, and they …Read More »
Hantavirus Infection – Transmission, Risk factors, and Prevention
What is Hantavirus Infection? Hantavirus infection is a viral disease that is spread from rodents to people. The virus can cause severe infections of the lungs (with cough and shortness of breath) or kidneys (with abdominal pain, and sometimes kidney failure). Hantaviruses are a family of viruses spread mainly by …Read More »
Aphakia – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment.
What is called Aphakia? Aphakia is a condition in which you’re missing the lens of one or both of your eyes. You can be born that way or lose the lens due to an injury. Or your doctor might remove it during an operation for cataracts. When you have aphakia, …Read More »
Food Allergy – Causes, Test, and Treatment.
What is called Food Allergy? Reaction to certain food components is called food allergy. It occurs when the cells of the immune system recognise a substance in food as harmful and try to destroy it. The substance which triggers an allergic reaction is called an allergen. The most common allergen …Read More »
Vibrio Vulnificus – Definition, Transmission and Risk Factors
Definition Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium that occurs naturally in marine and estuarine waters throughout the world. It thrives in warm waters (especially warmer than 18ºC) and it is therefore common in tropical and subtropical estuarine and sea waters. The bacterium can be present in the water itself and in …Read More »