Overview Histoplasmosis is an infection caused by breathing in spores of a fungus often found in bird and bat droppings. People usually get it from breathing in these spores when they become airborne during demolition or cleanup projects. Soil contaminated by bird or bat droppings also can spread histoplasmosis, putting …Read More »
Blastomycosis – Causes, Complications, and Prevention.
Overview – Blastomycosis Blastomycosis is a systemic pyogranulomatous infection usually caused by the inhalation of (spores) conidia of Blastomyces dermatitidis. Clinical presentations vary widely, ranging from an asymptomatic, self-limited pulmonary infection to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a life-threatening disease. Blastomycosis is not known to spread from person to person. …Read More »
Ringworm or Dermatophytosis – Description, Symptoms, and Treatment.
Description Ringworm is also called as dermatophytosis, which is a fungal infection that affect that affects skin on the body (Tinea corporis), scalp (Tinea capitis), groin area (Tinea cruris, also called jock itch), or feet (Tinea pedis). This disease is named after the ring type of rash that developed on …Read More »
Tinea Nigra – Risk Factors, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention.
Definition Tinea nigra is a fungal infection that is mainly seen on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet causing a dark brown to black discoloration of the affected skin. The word tinea means a fungal infection and nigra means black. Tinea nigra is overall an uncommon …Read More »
Valley Fever – Symtpoms, Treatment and Prevention.
Definition Valley fever or Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection caused by coccidioides (kok-sid-e-OY-deze) organisms. It can cause fever, chest pain and coughing, among other signs and symptoms. Two species of coccidioides fungi cause valley fever. These fungi are commonly found in soil in specific regions. The fungi’s spores can be …Read More »
Sporotrichosis – Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention.
Definition Sporotrichosis is an infection caused by a fungus called Sporothrix schenckii. The fungus lives throughout the world in soil, plants, and decaying vegetation. Cutaneous (skin) infection is the most common form of infection, although pulmonary infection can occur if a person inhales the microscopic, airborne fungal spores. Most cases …Read More »
Cryptococcosis – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.
Definition Cryptococcosis is a disease caused by fungi from the genus Cryptococcus that infect humans and animals, usually by inhalation of the fungus, which results in lung infection that may spread to the brain, causing meningoencephalitis. Cryptococcosis History In 1894 in Italy, Francesco Sanfelice was the first to isolate Cryptococcus …Read More »
Nail Fungus – Causes, Risk factors, and Prevention.
Definition Nail fungus is a common condition that begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your fingernail or toenail. As the fungal infection goes deeper, nail fungus may cause your nail to discolor, thicken and crumble at the edge. It can affect several nails. Nail fungus …Read More »