C

Cryptosporidiosis: Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal disease caused by microscopic parasites, Cryptosporidium, that can live in the intestine of humans and animals and is passed in the stool of an infected person or animal. Both the disease and the parasite are commonly known as “Crypto.” The parasite is protected by an …

Read More »

Conjunctivitis: Causes, Risk factors and Treatment.

Introduction Conjunctivitis is a nonspecific term used to describe an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which can be caused by a wide range of conditions. It is commonly referred to as “red eye” or “pink eye.” Conjunctivitis may result from primary involvement of the conjunctival tissue or may occur secondary to …

Read More »

Cryptococcosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition Cryptococcosis is a disease caused by fungi from the genus Cryptococcus that infect humans and animals, usually by inhalation of the fungus, which results in lung infection that may spread to the brain, causing meningoencephalitis. Cryptococcosis History In 1894 in Italy, Francesco Sanfelice was the first to isolate Cryptococcus …

Read More »

Colon cancer: Risk factors, Complications, and Diagnosis.

Introduction Colon cancer is also called as colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer is caused by the abnormal growth of epithelial cells which form the lining of the colon or rectum. These small growths (known as polyps) are often benign, although some have the potential to develop and become cancerous. It is …

Read More »

Chicken pox: Symptoms, Risk factors and Diagnosis.

Introduction Chickenpox is the primary infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is an acute, highly infectious disease most commonly seen in children under 10 years old. Chickenpox is usually a mild, self-limiting illness and most healthy children recover with no complications. The illness with chickenpox usually lasts about seven …

Read More »

Cervical cancer: Definition, Causes and Treatment.

Definition Cervical cancer starts in the cells of the cervix. The cervix is the narrow, lower part of the uterus (or womb). It is the passageway that connects the uterus to the vagina. Before cervical cancer develops, the cells of the cervix start to change and become abnormal. Growths on …

Read More »