What is gangrene? Gangrene, which refers to tissue death caused by a severe shortage of blood supply or serious bacterial infection, occurs in lower extremities. It is more common in the toes than other parts of the body. Gangrene tends to happen more often among people with peripheral artery …Read More »
Gorham’s disease or Gorham’s stout – Treatment and Prognosis
Definition Gorham’s Disease, also known by the name of Disappearing Bone Disease, is an extremely uncommon medical condition of the skeletal system which does not have a specific etiology in which there is an uncontrolled proliferation of lymphatic channels within the bone causing resorption and replacement of bone fibrosis. Gorham’s …Read More »
Galactosemia – Definition, Causes, and Prevention.
Definition Galactosemia is a rare, hereditary disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that affects the body’s ability to convert galactose (a sugar contained in milk, including human mother’s milk) to glucose (a different type of sugar). The disorder is caused by a deficiency of an enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT) which is …Read More »
Ganglion Cyst – Types, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment.
Definition A ganglion cyst is a soft-to-firm, round growth located on the wrist joint. Usually about 1-3 cm in diameter, it is nonmobile. It can be found most commonly on the dorsal aspect of the wrist but can occur on the volar side as well. This benign growth is tethered …Read More »
Glaucoma – Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.
Definition Glaucoma is the eye disorder the affects the optic nerve of the eye which receives impulses from the retina and transmits to the brain. It is mainly caused by the high pressure in your eyes. This condition is called ocular hypertension. If this condition is not treated, the first …Read More »
Gonorrhoea – Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Prevention.
Introduction Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmissible infection caused by bacteria known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It usually affects the genital area, although the throat or anus (back passage) may also be affected. Gonorrhoea affects both men and women and is easily transmitted during vaginal intercourse. It can also be transmitted during …Read More »
Goitre – Description, Causes, Symptoms, and Medications.
What is Goitre? An enlargement of the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland which is present at the front of the throat and below the Adam’s apple, is called goitre. The thyroid gland comprises of two lobes that lie on either side of the windpipe joined by a bridge of tissue …Read More »
Graves’ disease – Introduction, Triggers, Diagnosis and Treatment
Introduction Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder, meaning the body’s immune system acts against its own healthy cells and tissues. In Graves’ disease, the immune system makes antibodies called thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) that attach to thyroid cells. TSI mimics the action of TSH and stimulates the thyroid to make too …Read More »