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Beriberi: Causes, Manifestations and Diagnosis.

What is Beriberi? Beriberi is a syndrome characterized by a group of symptoms exhibited by people who are deficient in Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine. Therefore, it usually afflicts malnourished individuals’ particularly in underdeveloped countries. Two kinds of beriberi are well known. Wet beriberi leads to cardiovascular dysfunction while …

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Bronchiectasis: Causes, Manifestations and Management.

Introduction Bronchiectasis is an abnormal, chronic enlargement of the bronchi, the passageways from the trachea to the alveoli that are the air-exchanging parts of the lungs. Bronchiectasis generally occurs as a result of infection, although noninfectious factors may contribute to the development of this condition. Accompanying the enlargement of the …

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Bulimia Nervosa: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

Introduction Bulimia nervosa is a serious eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by extreme efforts to avoid gaining weight, often by vomiting or exercising to excess. This repetitious binge-and-purge cycle can cause damage to your digestive system and create chemical imbalances in the body that harm …

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Bipolar disorder: Definition, Risk factors and Treatment.

Definition Bipolar disorder is a condition that features extreme shifts in mood and fluctuations in energy and activity levels that can make day-to-day living difficult. Previously known as manic depression, it is a serious mental illness that, if left untreated, can destroy relationships, undermine career prospects, and seriously affect academic …

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Brucellosis: Causes, Treatment and Prevention.

Definition Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Brucella. The bacteria can spread from animals to humans. There are several different strains of Brucella bacteria. Some types are seen in cows. Others occur in dogs, pigs, sheep, goats, and camels. Recently, scientists have seen new …

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Beckwith-wiedemann syndrome (bws): Causes, Complications, Risks and Treatment

Definition Beckwith Wiedemann Syndrome is a congenital overgrowth disorder usually present at birth. BWS is characterized by large body size, enlarged organs, macroglossia (enlarged tongue), midline abdominal wall defects (omphalocele/exomphalos, umblicial hernia, diastasis recti), neonatal hypoglycemia and greatly increased risk of childhood cancer, particularly liver and kidney tumors. Beckwith Wiedemann …

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