What is Cyanotic heart disease? Cyanotic heart disease (CHD) involves heart defects that reduce the amount of oxygen delivered to the rest of your body. It’s sometimes called critical congenital heart disease. When a baby is born with CCHD, their skin has a bluish tint, called cyanosis. CHD is often …Read More »
Acid Lipase Disease – Description, Causes, and Risk Factors.
Description Acid lipase disease or deficiency occurs when the enzyme needed to break down certain fats that are normally digested by the body is lacking or missing, resulting in the toxic buildup of these fats in the body’s cells and tissues. These fatty substances, called lipids, include fatty acids, oils, …Read More »
Tetralogy of Fallot – Overview, Risk Factors and Treatment
Definition Tetralogy of Fallot is a combination of four heart defects that can result in a baby turning blue or cyanotic because of a lack of oxygen in the blood. It usually is diagnosed in infancy. The heart consists of four chambers: the two upper chambers, called atria, where blood …Read More »
Ataxia Telangiectasia – Pathophysiology and Management.
What is ataxia-telangiectasia? Ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is a complex genetic neurodegenerative disorder that may become apparent during infancy or early childhood. The disorder is characterized by progressively impaired coordination of voluntary movements (ataxia), the development of reddish lesions of the skin and mucous membranes due to permanent widening of groups …Read More »
Congenital Heart Defects – Types, Causes and Treatment
Definition Congenital heart defects (also called CHDs) are heart conditions that a baby is born with. These conditions can affect the heart’s shape or how it works or both. CHDs can be mild or serious. CHDs are the most common types of birth defects. Birth defects are structural changes present …Read More »
Osteoid Osteomas – Prevalence, Classification, and Treatment
Definition Osteoid osteomas is a type of bone tumor. It is not cancer (benign). It remains in the same place it starts. It will not spread to other bones or parts of your body. The center of an osteoid osteoma is the nidus. It consists of growing tumor cells, blood …Read More »
Muscular Dystrophy – Types, Complications, and Treatment.
What is muscular dystrophy? Muscular dystrophy refers to a group of more than 30 inherited (genetic) diseases that cause muscle weakness. These conditions are a type of myopathy, a disease of the skeletal muscles. Over time, muscles shrink and become weaker, affecting your ability to walk and perform daily activities …Read More »
Head and Neck Cancer – Types, Risk Factors, and Prevention.
What are head and neck cancers? Head and neck cancer is a term that describes a range of cancers that begin in the head and neck region. Cancer can occur inside the sinuses, nose, mouth and salivary glands down through the throat. Although these cancers are different, they are treated similarly, so are …Read More »