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Proteinuria – Definition, Causes, and Treatment.

Definition Proteinuria is a condition characterized by the presence of greater than normal amounts of protein in the urine. It is usually associated with some kind of disease or abnormality but may occasionally be seen in healthy individuals. Plasma, the liquid portion of blood, contains many different proteins. One of …

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Pneumothorax- Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition Pneumothorax is generally a collapsed lung. Normally, the pressure in the lungs is greater than the pressure in the pleural space surrounding the lungs. If air enters the pleural space, the pressure in the pleura then becomes greater than the pressure in the lungs, causing the lung to collapse …

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Prostate cancer- Risk factors, Symptoms and prevention

Definition Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland which is found in males that secretes seminal fluids and transport sperm. The fluid is essential for reproduction. The prostate gland is located in the pelvis below the bladder. Just behind the prostate are glands called seminal vesicles that produce most of …

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Poliomyelitis – Description, Causes, and Treatment.

Introduction Poliomyelitis, commonly known as polio, is an infectious viral disease caused by the genus Enterovirus from the Picornaviridae family. Poliomyelitis is a paralytic disease resulting from the destruction of motor neurons in the central nervous system and can lead to partial or full paralysis. Structure of polio virus The …

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Psittacosis or parrot disease: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Psittacosis is an uncommon infectious disease that is most often transmitted to humans through exposure to infected birds, especially parrots, cockatiels, parakeets and similar pet birds. Psittacosis can affect the lungs and may cause inflammatory illness of the lungs (pneumonia). Additional common symptoms include fever, muscle pain (myalgia), headaches, …

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Photophobia: Causes, Complications and Diagnosis.

What is photophobia? Photophobia is not a fear of light, as the name might suggest, but rather it is an intolerance or sensitivity to light that can lead to extreme pain and discomfort. Sources of light such as fluorescent light, sunlight, and incandescent light can all be responsible for causing …

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Paresthesia: Definition, Risk factors and Treatments.

Definition Paresthesia is a disorder in the sensory perception in which, in the absence of external stimuli (like cold, warmth of pressure), spontaneous itching or tingling is perceived. In addition, an altered sensation to temperature and touch can occur. Paresthesia may also be an expression of neuropathy. Chronic paresthesia can …

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Pellagra: Introduction, Symptoms and Prevention.

Introduction A disorder due to inadequate dietary intake of niacin and/or tryptophan, manifested by a characteristic dermatitis on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, beginning as an erythema with pruritus that may lead to vesticulation but more frequently becomes chronic, rough, scaly, and hard with the …

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