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Anaphylaxis – Overview, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

Anaphylaxis

Overview – Anaphylaxis  Anaphylaxis is a serious, life-threatening allergic reaction. The most common anaphylactic reactions are to foods, insect stings, medications, and latex. If you are allergic to a substance, your immune system overreacts to this allergen by releasing chemicals that cause allergy symptoms. Typically, these bothersome symptoms occur in …

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Acne Vulgaris – Causes, Treatment and Prevention

What is Acne vulgaris? Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit, which runs a chronic course and it is self-limiting. Acne vulgaris is triggered by Propionibacterium acne in adolescence, under the influence of normal circulating dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). It is a very common skin disorder which can present …

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ADA Deficiency – Overview, Causes, and Prognosis.

ADA Deficiency – Description Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency is an inherited disorder that damages the immune system and causes severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). People with SCID lack virtually all immune protection from bacteria, viruses, and fungi. They are prone to repeat and persistent infections that can be very serious or …

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Agoraphobia- Definition, Symptoms, and Treatment

Definition If you have agoraphobia, it means you get anxious about having a panic attack. As well as crowds and queues, you may fear other places or situations where you’ve had a panic attack before. This fear makes you avoid these situations or do things to help manage your anxiety, …

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Apert syndrome – Symptoms, Causes, and Diagnosis.

Description Apert syndrome, also known as “acrocephalosyndactyly”. It is a genetic disorder in which certain skull bones fuse together prematurely, which is known as craniosynostosis. This early fusion of the skull prevents it from developing normally and causes the child to have an unusual head and face shape. Children with …

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Anuria – Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment.

Description Anuria is a condition where there is a little amount of urine discharge from the body. The main cause of anuria includes severe kidney problems, hypovolemia, cardiogenic shock, and sepsis. The term “anuria” indicates absence of urine. In most cases of anuria patients, the urine production would be in …

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Aspergillosis – Causes, Complications, and Prevention.

Definition Aspergillosis is an infection caused by a type of mold. The illnesses resulting from aspergillosis infection usually affect the respiratory system, but their signs and severity vary greatly. The mold that triggers the illnesses, Aspergillus, is everywhere, indoors and outdoors. Most strains of this mold are harmless, but a …

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Arrhythmia or Heart Rhythm Disorder- Treatment and Prevention  

Definition Heart rhythm disorder is also called an arrhythmia. A disorder in heart rhythm is characterized by abnormal variation in the normal heartbeat. Usually, the abnormalities occur in heart rate, regularity of beats, and sinoatrial node (SA) where electrical impulses originate are collectively causing arrhythmia. Pathophysiology Each heartbeat begins when …

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Asthma- Symptoms, Types and Treatment

Definition Asthma is the chronic condition that causes inflammation, swell, produce extra mucus and narrowing in the airway of the lungs. People who have this chronic condition for a long time or recurrent is said to be asthmatic. This causes wheezing, chest tightness, coughing and shortness of breath. A cough …

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Amenorrhea – Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Description Amenorrhea is the disappearance of menses in women who are at the reproductive stage. But it is common in prepubertal, postmenopausal, and pregnant woman. It also ceases in the women when they are breastfeeding. Around the age of 50, mensuration stops permanently. However, it is a health problem rather …

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