Description – Ebola virus disease Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a highly contagious infection caused by one of five virus species belonging to the Filoviridae family believed to be carried by fruit bats. The Zaïre, Sudan, Taï Forest, and Bundibugyo viruses cause illness in humans while the Reston species affects …Read More »
Herpetic Whitlow – Overview, Risk factors, and Diagnosis.
Herpetic Whitlow – Overview Herpetic whitlow is a painful hand infection or lesion that typically involves one or more fingers. It is usually caused by herpes simplex virus 1, but occasionally it is caused by the herpes simplex virus 2. It usually afflicts health care workers, such as dentists. The …Read More »
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy – Diagnosis and Treatment.
Description Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a disease of the white matter of the brain, caused by lytic infection of oligodendrocytes by the JC polyomavirus (JCV) that targets cells that make myelin – the material that insulates nerve cells (neurons). This etiological virus was isolated and identified during the brain …Read More »
Norovirus infection: Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Prevention
Definition Norovirus infection is the most common cause of infection in gastrointestinal outbreaks. It causes sudden onset of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Sometimes it may also cause stomach cramping. In addition, the person may feel tired, muscle ache, headache, and low-grade fever. Norovirus is a very contagious virus that can …Read More »
Herpes zoster or Shingles- Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
Definition Herpes zoster is also called as shingles. It is a Greek word herpein meaning to creep, and zoster meaning girdle or belt. It is an acute viral infection mainly affecting the skin and nerves, manifested by small blisters appearing along the important nerve segments. Herpes zoster is caused by …Read More »
Rabies in Human – Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Management.
Definition Rabies in Human – Rabies is an acute viral illness affects all the warm blooded animals including man. It spreads via rabid animal bites to other animals and humans too. It is a zoonotic disease caused by a rabies virus of the Lyssavirus genus, belongs to the family Rhabdoviridae. …Read More »
Poliomyelitis – Description, Causes, and Treatment.
Introduction Poliomyelitis, commonly known as polio, is an infectious viral disease caused by the genus Enterovirus from the Picornaviridae family. Poliomyelitis is a paralytic disease resulting from the destruction of motor neurons in the central nervous system and can lead to partial or full paralysis. Structure of polio virus …Read More »
Mumps – Definition, History, Risk Factors, and Treatment.
Definition Mumps is an infection caused by a type of virus called a paramyxovirus. It is very contagious and spread in saliva, the same way as a cold or flu. This means it can be caught from an infected person coughing, sneezing, etc. It can also be caught from touching …Read More »