Ringworm or Dermatophytosis – Description, Symptoms and Treatment

Description

Ringworm is also called as dermatophytosis, which is a fungal infection that affect that affects skin on the body (Tinea corporis), scalp (Tinea capitis), groin area (Tinea cruris, also called jock itch), or feet (Tinea pedis). This disease is named after the ring type of rash that developed on the skin of infected person or animal. The disease has no correlation with worms.

History

In the beginning days doctors believed that it is caused by worms and hence it has name ringworm.

1800’s- Ringworm was highly contagious and little known that it is contagious. It is common in poor people who having poor diet and bad hygiene. During this time barbers were able to spread through infected person to another healthy person. It is because of low sanitation in razors and scissors.

1843- David Gruby described a fungus that causes certain ringworm.

1940- Studies started when the United States Military began contracting ringworm while stationed in the South Pacific during World War II.

In the 20th century, London had many special “ringworm” schools where schoolchildren would be brought to keep from getting Ringworm. Students were treated with x-ray therapy that helped ward off the infection. Although the x-rays helped to kill the fungus, the exposure became highly toxic.

Types of ringworm

  • Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) frequently begins as little bruises that form into irritated, flaky uncovered patches. It is most regular among youngsters.
  • Ringworm of the body (tinea corporis) frequently shows up as patches with the round “ring” shape.
  • Jock itch (tinea cruris) alludes to ringworm disease of the skin around the crotch, internal thighs, and rump. It is most basic in men and immature young men.
  • Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) is the name for ringworm disease of the foot. It is usually found in individuals who go shoeless in public places where the disease can spread, for example, locker rooms, showers, and swimming pools.

Multiple forms of ringworm that affects different body parts

Transmission of ringworm

Ringworm can be transmitted in an indirect way by contact with items such as hair brushes, combs, stylist scissors, apparel that has defiled hair on it, and from benches and shower stalls utilized by an infected person. The fungi which cause ringworm can be transmitted by direct contact with infected person or with contaminated pets and domesticated animals.

Risk factors

Risk factors for ringworm in body include:

  • Living in mild hot weather
  • Having contact with the ringworm affected person
  • Using others clothes, bedspreads and towels who have a fungal infection
  • Skin to skin touch during sports activity
  • Wearing prohibitive and tight clothing’s
  • Low immune system will pay the way for ringworm infection

Causes

Fungi’s is the main cause of ringworm infection. There are three different types of fungi which causes this infection such as Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton. These fungi are possible to live in soil as spores. These spores can be spread in many different ways as follows

Human to human– Direct skin touches with the infected person.

Animal to human– Ringworm often spreads from animals like pet dogs, cats and adequately from cows. This is due to during petting and grooming animals.

Object to human– Ringworm infection will also spread from the objects which are recently used by infected persons such as clothes, combs, bedspreads and brushes

Human to soil contact- In erratic cases,  infection can spread from the soil. Frequent infection occurs when it is contacted for long term with highly infected soil.

Symptoms

Depending on the place of infection the symptoms will vary.

  • Red, itchy, scaly, or raised patches
  • Rashes that develop blisters or begin to ooze
  • Patches that may be redder on the outside edges or resemble a ring
  • Rashes with edges that are clear and raised

The rashes can be varied based on the type of fungus that causes the infection. Sometimes it looks like other skin rashes as psoriasis.

Ringworm rash

Diagnosis and test

Diagnosing of ringworm is carried out by examining the external skin appearance and by using a black light to view infected skin area. When this black light spotted on infected area the fluorescence will glow from the area which is infected with fungi.

Your doctor will confirm the ringworm infection by doing tests and diagnosing

  • Skin biopsy or fungal culture has been taken and send it to a lab test to find the presence of fungus
  • If you are going to do KOH exam, the doctor will scrape small area of the infected skin and put it in potassium hydroxide. This KOH will destroy normal cells and leave fungal cells, then it is easy to identify under microscope

Treatment and medications

  • Medication will vary depending upon the severity of infection. Topical medications such as antifungal creams, ointments, gels and spray are used for jock itch, athlete’s foot and ringworm of the body.
  • Over-the-counter medications and antifungal skin creams may be recommended for use as well. Over-the-counter products may contain clotrimazole, miconazole, terbinafine, or other related ingredients.
  • Micatin, Tinactin, Monistat, Lotrimin, Bentax, Butop (India) and Lamisil are the brand names of medicine which is used for ringworm treatment.

If the infection is not treatment, then blisters and cracks may form in the infected area and it may infect with germs. In this condition antibiotics are advised for treatment.

Home Remedies

  • Boil 10-15 Neem leaves in 3 cups of water until half the water gets evaporated. Wash the tinea lesions with this water.
  • Rub papaya over the tinea lesions. It is very effective.
  • Add little milk in turmeric and apply this mixture on tinea lesions. Wash away after half an hour. Do this 3 / 4 times a day.

Prevention

  • Make your skin always dry and clean. Change and clean your socks and underwear daily
  • Avoid tight fit clothing’s such as underwear and pants. Wear loose clothing’s
  • After bathing always dry your skin completely and allow your skin to air dry before wearing cloths
  • Doesn’t share clothing’s such as towels, bed sheets and sports things. Wash your cloth in hot water with fungicidal soaps or powders
  • Wear slippers or sandals during showering in public bathing
  • After sports activity, bath completely
  • In case person is infected with athlete’s foot, wear socks first before your underwear so that infection will not spread to your groin area and also after showering toweling off your feet last
  • Pet animals in living area should be checked if it has missing hairs on the body which is the sign of ringworm infection

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77 comments

  1. which medicines and creams are used to cure ring worm

  2. Good to know

  3. please is there any injection for ringworm infestation?

  4. contact with me plzz i have many questions

  5. Abbas Dauda Zakari

    wonderful

  6. please help me out of this fungal since many years ago how are my going to use the mustard seed for the fungal to work faster for me

  7. Your Name William Osei Gyasi

    Big thanks to any of the Doctor for advice

  8. given some point for home remedial treatment like Ayurveda

  9. given home remedial treatments point’s and also give drug dosage and side effects

  10. thanks for sharing important information about ringworm or dermatophytosis

  11. Please apart from the topical treatment, can one use griseofulvin tabs or Keteconazole tabs to treat ring worm?

  12. Which type of injection dat will u given

  13. thanks a lot so much informative
    there are many thing which i get from this

  14. tab. fliconazole150mg 1tab. weekly for month.
    And oint. Dipsilc “or” betasalic appling on affected area, seems to be very effective

    • The length of treatment with this tablet will also depend on the type and severity of the infection. So please consult with the doctor once.

  15. Your NameTitus Dangmaa

    this can harm ur immune system, it need to control fast

  16. Your NameTitus Dangmaa

    what advice will l give to people to state away from this disease as a nurse?

  17. i am taking tebinafine and levocitrazine tablets from last 20 days but i get no result and ringworm is still itching can you help me for this

  18. home remedy very interesting.

  19. tell me about the most effective cream,powder and medicine for fungal infection

  20. Very good information. thanks

  21. dear sir I am suffering from ring worm since four year.. and also take many types of treatment but after treatment my ring worm again attack on me…. what I do please suggest….?

    • Try natural treatments like homeopathy, Ayurveda, and some home remedies. First, try the home remedy given in the post. If this condition persists even after the home remedies then hire a help from a dermatologist.

  22. Ringworm would disappear on their own within several months, but they can become chronic. Ringworm symptoms usually disappear quickly with treatment, but the treatment should be continued for two to four weeks to eliminate all of the fungus.

  23. micatin , tinactin , lotrimin , monistat , bentax and butop are the medicine name for ringworm.
    is it available in all medical store .

  24. I am facing this problem from last 2 monts ..I can’t relieve from this .
    please help me sir

    • Please follow the home remedies given in the post. If you suffer even after these home remedies then please consult a good doctor to cure.

  25. How can someone treat warts infection?

    • 1. Liquid nitrogen to freeze the wart off.
      2. Prescription-strength salicylic acid applied at home to get rid of the wart.
      3. Laser or surgery to cut the wart off.
      4. Topical immune system stimulants such as squaric acid, which is applied to the skin for several weeks to help fight the virus that causes the wart.

  26. ringworm for long time on the body

  27. which cream is ringworm pz telme

  28. Sir,
    What is the time period of the diseases ring worm

  29. thanks for your help, I’m affected with fungal which seems chronic and My comes with severe itching especially on the scrotum and groin areas. what drugs do you prescribe for this severe itching please.

  30. sir four month ring worm problem doctor see no result please tabs and cream

  31. where can I get neem leaves

  32. I’ve this rashes from my chest and down my pelvic areas and and it’s been distIrving I’ve use different cream and drugs but no results yet.

  33. Hello, I have this fungal rashes first start from rashes on my penis head and later spreads reddish rashes on my both thighs and also rashes on my fingers and in between my fingers. I have been taking anti fungal pills for weeks now which reduced the rashes but it’s still coming out and itches alot

  34. which antibiotics useful in fungal infection.

  35. well information.

  36. well cutiron is the best ointment to cure someone with fungal infection. plzzz help me is it right to use.

  37. I have had this probably a month are more have been too Dr. it’s on my stomach nothing works what can I do DR.SAID IT WAS A RINGWORM PLEASE HELP THANK YOU

  38. I also going through this problem..but now my condition is under control many place are clear from this ringworm..I tried many medicine now I colabarate all and this give me good result..if any one have this problem.first use saylicylic acid..we called sapat losen,only one or two time when condition is worst.daily ltroconozole 200mg tablet once and use sertaconozole cream it is good for ringworm..try this.

  39. I have chronic ringworms when apply gel it goes later it comes back what medication can I use

  40. hello,
    you are sharing great content regarding ringworm on your article. thank you for sharing this information with us.

  41. Hello sir, I’m suffering from Jock itch since many months around a year or more than it. plez! help me out from this.

  42. Madhusmita Bhanjadeo

    hi app.
    it’s been more than a year, been suffering from tinea, it started when I fractured my leg during summers.

    consulted top doctors of Odisha, n still helpless.
    one of my friend recommending me for IT MAC 200, Shall I go for this?

  43. should take itraconazole-200mg ,one tablet daily for a month.

    • Oral itraconazole in doses of 100 mg/d for 2 weeks shows high efficacy. With an increased dose of 200 mg/d, the treatment duration can be reduced to 1 week.
      Note: Please consult a doctor before taking this drug.

  44. i have this problem for years.i used types of prescribed medicines from doc no result till now

  45. i have this fungal attack in my buttocks for years….i have treated with many medicines prescribed by doctors but no result……any cure please tell me

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