Proteinuria – Definition, Causes, and Treatment.

Definition Proteinuria is a condition characterized by the presence of greater than normal amounts of protein in the urine. It is usually associated with some kind of disease or abnormality but may occasionally be seen in healthy individuals. Plasma, the liquid portion of blood, contains many different proteins. One of …

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Velocardiofacial syndrome- Definition, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Velocardiofacial syndrome, or VCFS, is a complex syndrome that has been associated with more than 30 different characteristics, including defects of the palate, heart defects, learning disabilities and distinct facial features. The severity of VCFS and the characteristics that appear vary widely among individuals. It’s inherited in an autosomal …

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Anuria – Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment.

Description Anuria is a condition where there is a little amount of urine discharge from the body. The main cause of anuria includes severe kidney problems, hypovolemia, cardiogenic shock, and sepsis. The term “anuria” indicates absence of urine. In most cases of anuria patients, the urine production would be in …

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Chancroid : Definition, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease/infection (STD/SDI) caused by bacterial infection and is highly contagious. Chancroid causes painful ulcers on and around the genitals in both males and females. Unlike common STDs such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, syphilis and herpes, cases of chancroid have been declining globally. However, it …

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Pyuria – Definition, Causes, and Prevention.

Definition Pyuria is a condition that occurs when excess white blood cells, or pus, are present in the urine. Pyuria causes cloudy urine and frequently indicates the presence of a urinary tract infection (UTI). Pyuria can also indicate sepsis, a life-threatening bacterial infection, or pneumonia in older adults. Some people …

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Dandruff- Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Definition It is a skin condition that makes itchiness and affects mainly the scalp. Dandruff is also known as ‘seborrheic dermatitis’ which is the extreme form of the condition includes inflammation of the skin. This cause top layer of the skin gets damaged with scalp starts to broken out. Top …

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Hyperkeratosis- Types, Causes, and Treatment

Definition Hyperkeratosis is when the outer layer of the skin is thickened. The outer layer of the skin will contain keratin, which is a protective protein. It is a form of keratosis, which is a skin disorder caused by overproduction of keratin. It occurs most often on skin that has …

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Galactosemia- Definition, Causes, and Prevention  

Definition Galactosemia is a rare, hereditary disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that affects the body’s ability to convert galactose (a sugar contained in milk, including human mother’s milk) to glucose (a different type of sugar). The disorder is caused by a deficiency of an enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT) which is …

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