Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) – Overview

Description – SCID Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is the name given to a group of rare, inherited disorders that cause major abnormalities of the immune system. They form part of a larger group of conditions known as primary immunodeficiencies. The immune system abnormalities in SCID lead to greatly increased risks …

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Gangrene – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

What is gangrene?   Gangrene, which refers to tissue death caused by a severe shortage of blood supply or serious bacterial infection, occurs in lower extremities. It is more common in the toes than other parts of the body. Gangrene tends to happen more often among people with peripheral artery …

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Lymphedema – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention.

Lymphedema: Description Lymphoedema is a long-term (chronic) condition that causes swelling in the body’s tissues. It can affect any part of the body but usually develops in the arms or legs. Lymphedema develops when the lymphatic system doesn’t work properly. The lymphatic system is a network of channels and glands …

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Finger Infection – Causes, Treatment and Prevention.

Description Injury or infection to a finger or fingers is a common problem. Infection can range from mild to potentially serious. Often, these infections start out small and are relatively easy to treat. Failure to properly treat these infections can result in permanent disability or loss of the finger. Early …

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Shoulder Impingement Syndrome – Causes and Diagnosis

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome – Definition Shoulder impingement refers to mechanical compression and/or wear of the rotator cuff tendons. The rotator cuff is actually a series of four muscles and tendons connecting the scapula (shoulder blade) to the humeral head (upper part of the arm bone). These muscles are located deep …

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ADA Deficiency – Overview, Causes, and Prognosis.

ADA Deficiency – Description Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency is an inherited disorder that damages the immune system and causes severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). People with SCID lack virtually all immune protection from bacteria, viruses, and fungi. They are prone to repeat and persistent infections that can be very serious or …

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Ichthyosis – Causes, Risk factors, and Treatment.

Definition – Ichthyosis Ichthyosis is a generalized, mostly genetic disorder of the skin. All types of ichthyosis have dry, thickened, scaly or flaky skin. There is no cure, but symptoms are usually mild and manageable with a daily skincare routine. The severity of symptoms can vary extremely, from the mildest …

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Phimosis – Overview, Causes, and Treatment.

Overview Phimosis is defined as the inability to retract the skin (foreskin or prepuce) covering the head (glans) of the penis. Phimosis may appear as a tight ring or “rubber band” of foreskin around the tip of the penis, preventing full retraction. Types of Phimosis                          Phimosis is divided into two …

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Uveitis – Definition, Causes and Treatment

Definition Uveitis is a general term describing a group of inflammatory diseases that produces swelling and destroys eye tissues. These diseases can slightly reduce vision or lead to severe vision loss. The term “uveitis” is used because the diseases often affect a part of the eye called the uvea. Nevertheless, …

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Hernia – Causes, Treatment, and Prevention.

Overview A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. For example, the intestines may break through a weakened area in the abdominal wall. Hernias are most common in the abdomen, but they can also appear in the upper …

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Cardiac Tamponade – Overview, Causes, and Diagnosis.

Overview Cardiac tamponade is a serious medical condition in which blood or fluids fill the space between the sac that encases the heart and the heart muscle. This places extreme pressure on your heart. The pressure prevents the heart’s ventricles from expanding fully and keeps your heart from functioning properly. …

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