Filariasis: Causes, Diagnosis and Prevention.

Definition Filariasis is an infectious tropical disease caused by any one of several thread-like parasitic round worms. The two species of worms most often associated with this disease are Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. The larval form of the parasite transmits the disease to humans by the bite of a …

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Hyperpigmentation : causes, treatment and prevention

Definition Hyperpigmentation refers to areas of skin where an excess of melanin has been produced and formed deposits, causing skin patches that appear darker than the surrounding skin. Common skin areas that experience hyperpigmentation or dyschromia are the face, arms, and hands.  Age spots, liver spots, freckles, sun spots, melasma, …

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Scoliosis : Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Definition Scoliosis is a condition involving an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine. It can be caused by congenital, developmental or degenerative problems, but most cases of scoliosis actually have no known cause called idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis usually develops in the thoracic spine or the thoracolumbar area of the spine. …

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Centronuclear Myopathy : Manifestation, Treatment and Pevention

Definition Centronuclear myopathy is a hereditary muscle disease associated with the incomplete development of muscle cells, which causes muscle weakness. There are three forms of the disease with different degrees of severity and patterns of inheritance which are X-linked, autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant. The conditions manifest themselves as defects …

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Leishmaniasis : Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Introduction Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by the Leishmania parasite. This parasite typically lives in infected sand flies. You can contract it from a bite of an infected sand fly. The sand flies that carry the parasite typically reside in tropical and subtropical environments. There are several different forms …

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Q-Fever: Symptoms, Complications and Management.

Definition A disease characterized by high fever, chills, muscular pains, headache, and sometimes pneumonia that is caused by a bacterium (Coxiella burnetii of the family Coxiellaceae) of which domestic animals serve as reservoirs and that is transmitted to humans especially by inhalation of infective airborne bacteria   Background Q Fever …

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