Apallic syndrome or Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome (UWS): Causes, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.

Introduction Apallic syndrome (AS) also called Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome (UWS) and Persistant Vegetative State. It is a result of a traumatic brain injury such as diffuse, bilateral cerebral cortical degeneration and anoxia, or encephalitis which causes the brain to halt the ability to create thoughts, experience sensation, and remember past …

Read More »

Hemochromatosis: Causes, risk factors and medications.

Definition Hemochromatosis is an iron disorder in which the body simply loads too much iron. This action is genetic and the excess iron, if left untreated, can damage joints, organs, and eventually be fatal. Types Hereditary hemochromatosis isn’t the only type of hemochromatosis. Other types include: Juvenile hemochromatosis: This causes …

Read More »

Marfan syndrome: Causes, risk factors and treatment.

Definition Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the body’s connective tissue. Connective tissue holds all the body’s cells, organs and tissue together. It also plays an important role in helping the body grow and develop properly.  Normal and marfan syndrome Connective tissue is made up of proteins. The …

Read More »

Thalassemia: History, complications and prevention.

Definition Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen. The disorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia. Anemia is a condition in which your …

Read More »

Carpel tunnel syndrome: Causes and preventions

Definition Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a disorder that causes pain and weakness in the hand and wrist. CTS develop from problems in a nerve in the wrist not the muscles, as some people believe. The symptoms of CTS can range from mild to incapacitating. The Carpal Tunnel: The carpal …

Read More »

Goodpasture`s syndrome: Treatment and Symptoms

Definition Goodpasture syndrome is an autoimmune condition that affects the kidneys and the lungs. In a normal person, antibodies are produced to fight against anything foreign like an infection. In an autoimmune disease, the body produces antibodies that fail to recognize parts of the body, mistake them to be ‘foreign’ …

Read More »

Motor Neuron Disease (MND): Types, risk factors and preventions.

Definition Motor neurone disease (MND) is a neurodegenerative disease that causes rapidly progressive muscle weakness and eventually results in paralysis. Specifically, this disease affects nerve cells (motor neurons) that control the muscles that enable to move, speak, breathe and swallow. MND is also known as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or …

Read More »

Legionnaire’s Disease : Symptoms and Treatments

Definition A disease due to the bacteria Legionella pneumophila found in plumbing systems, shower heads and water-storage tanks. Outbreaks of Legionella pneumonia have been attributed to air conditioning systems and hot water tubs but cannot be transmitted from person to person. The bacteria flourish at temperature between 90 and 105°C. …

Read More »

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome: Causes, Complications and Treatment.

Definition Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is characterized by abnormal immune system function (immune deficiency) and a reduced ability to form blood clots. This condition primarily affects males. Individuals with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome have micro thrombocytopenia, which is a decrease in the number and size of blood cell fragments involved in clotting (platelets). This …

Read More »

Rosacea: causes, complications and treatment

Definition Rosacea (roe-ZAY-she-uh) is a common skin condition that causes redness and visible blood vessels in your face. It may also produce small, red, pus-filled bumps. These signs and symptoms may flare up for a period of weeks to months and then diminish for a while. Rosacea can be mistaken …

Read More »

Measles: Symptoms, Complications and Treatment.

Definition Measles, or rubeola, is a viral infection of the respiratory system. Measles is a very contagious disease that can spread through contact with infected mucus and saliva. An infected person can release the infection into the air when they cough or sneeze. The measles virus can live on surfaces …

Read More »

Fatty Liver Disease: Definition, Types, and Symptoms.

Definition Fatty liver is the accumulation of triglycerides and other fats in the liver cells. The amount of fatty acid in the liver depends on the balance between the processes of delivery and removal. In some patients, fatty liver may be accompanied by hepatic inflammation and liver cell death (steatohepatitis). …

Read More »

Filariasis: Causes, Diagnosis and Prevention.

Definition Filariasis is an infectious tropical disease caused by any one of several thread-like parasitic round worms. The two species of worms most often associated with this disease are Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. The larval form of the parasite transmits the disease to humans by the bite of a …

Read More »