Narcolepsy: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Definition Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder characterized by overwhelming daytime drowsiness and sudden attacks of sleep. People with narcolepsy often find it difficult to stay awake for long periods of time, regardless of the circumstances. Narcolepsy can cause serious disruptions in your daily routine. Sometimes, narcolepsy can be accompanied …

Read More »

Alkaptonuria: Causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Definition Alkaptonuria is a rare inherited disorder. It occurs when your body can’t produce enough of an enzyme called homogentisic dioxygenase (HGD). This enzyme is used to break down a toxic substance called homogentisic acid. When you don’t produce enough HGD, homogentisic acid builds up in your body. The buildup …

Read More »

Apallic syndrome or Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome (UWS): Causes, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.

Introduction Apallic syndrome (AS) also called Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome (UWS) and Persistant Vegetative State. It is a result of a traumatic brain injury such as diffuse, bilateral cerebral cortical degeneration and anoxia, or encephalitis which causes the brain to halt the ability to create thoughts, experience sensation, and remember past …

Read More »

Hemochromatosis: Causes, risk factors and medications.

Definition Hemochromatosis is an iron disorder in which the body simply loads too much iron. This action is genetic and the excess iron, if left untreated, can damage joints, organs, and eventually be fatal. Types Hereditary hemochromatosis isn’t the only type of hemochromatosis. Other types include: Juvenile hemochromatosis: This causes …

Read More »

Marfan syndrome: Causes, risk factors and treatment.

Definition Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the body’s connective tissue. Connective tissue holds all the body’s cells, organs and tissue together. It also plays an important role in helping the body grow and develop properly.  Normal and marfan syndrome Connective tissue is made up of proteins. The …

Read More »

Thalassemia: History, complications and prevention.

Definition Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen. The disorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia. Anemia is a condition in which your …

Read More »

Carpel tunnel syndrome: Causes and preventions

Definition Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a disorder that causes pain and weakness in the hand and wrist. CTS develop from problems in a nerve in the wrist not the muscles, as some people believe. The symptoms of CTS can range from mild to incapacitating. The Carpal Tunnel: The carpal …

Read More »

Goodpasture`s syndrome: Treatment and Symptoms

Definition Goodpasture syndrome is an autoimmune condition that affects the kidneys and the lungs. In a normal person, antibodies are produced to fight against anything foreign like an infection. In an autoimmune disease, the body produces antibodies that fail to recognize parts of the body, mistake them to be ‘foreign’ …

Read More »

Motor Neuron Disease (MND): Types, risk factors and preventions.

Definition Motor neurone disease (MND) is a neurodegenerative disease that causes rapidly progressive muscle weakness and eventually results in paralysis. Specifically, this disease affects nerve cells (motor neurons) that control the muscles that enable to move, speak, breathe and swallow. MND is also known as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or …

Read More »