Chicken pox: Symptoms, Risk factors and Diagnosis.

Introduction Chickenpox is the primary infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is an acute, highly infectious disease most commonly seen in children under 10 years old. Chickenpox is usually a mild, self-limiting illness and most healthy children recover with no complications. The illness with chickenpox usually lasts about seven …

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Cervical cancer: Definition, Causes and Treatment.

Definition Cervical cancer starts in the cells of the cervix. The cervix is the narrow, lower part of the uterus (or womb). It is the passageway that connects the uterus to the vagina. Before cervical cancer develops, the cells of the cervix start to change and become abnormal. Growths on …

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Schizophrenia: History, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

 Definition Schizophrenia is a serious disorder which affects how a person thinks, feels and acts. Someone with schizophrenia may have difficulty distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary; may be unresponsive or withdrawn; and may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations. History The word schizophrenia was …

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Skin cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition Skin cancer is a common and locally destructive cancerous (malignant) growth of the skin. It originates from the cells that line up along the membrane that separates the superficial layer of skin from the deeper layers. Unlike cutaneous malignant melanoma, the vast majority of these sorts of skin cancers …

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Bulimia Nervosa: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

Introduction Bulimia nervosa is a serious eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by extreme efforts to avoid gaining weight, often by vomiting or exercising to excess. This repetitious binge-and-purge cycle can cause damage to your digestive system and create chemical imbalances in the body that harm …

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Bipolar disorder: Definition, Risk factors and Treatment.

Definition Bipolar disorder is a condition that features extreme shifts in mood and fluctuations in energy and activity levels that can make day-to-day living difficult. Previously known as manic depression, it is a serious mental illness that, if left untreated, can destroy relationships, undermine career prospects, and seriously affect academic …

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Autism: Causes, Epidemiology, Treatment and Prevention.

Definition Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, refers to a range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication, as well as by unique strengths and differences. We now know that there is not one autism but many types, caused by different combinations of genetic …

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Testicular cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment  

Definition Testicular cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of one or both testicles. It occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. Testicular cancer Epidemiology Studies of testicular cancer in selected global …

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