Bipolar disorder: Definition, Risk factors and Treatment.

Definition Bipolar disorder is a condition that features extreme shifts in mood and fluctuations in energy and activity levels that can make day-to-day living difficult. Previously known as manic depression, it is a serious mental illness that, if left untreated, can destroy relationships, undermine career prospects, and seriously affect academic …

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Autism: Causes, Epidemiology, Treatment and Prevention.

Definition Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, refers to a range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication, as well as by unique strengths and differences. We now know that there is not one autism but many types, caused by different combinations of genetic …

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Testicular cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment  

Definition Testicular cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of one or both testicles. It occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. Testicular cancer Epidemiology Studies of testicular cancer in selected global …

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Rickets: Epidemiology, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition  Rickets is a bone disorder caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Rickets leads to softening and weakening of the bones and is seen most commonly in children 6-24 months of age. Vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the gastrointestinal tract. A …

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Brucellosis: Causes, Treatment and Prevention.

Definition Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Brucella. The bacteria can spread from animals to humans. There are several different strains of Brucella bacteria. Some types are seen in cows. Others occur in dogs, pigs, sheep, goats, and camels. Recently, scientists have seen new …

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Plague: Definition, Manifestations and Treatment.

Definition Plague is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Yersinia pestis. These bacteria are found mainly in rodents, particularly rats, and in the fleas that feed on them. Other animals and humans usually contract the bacteria from rodent or flea bites. SEM image of Yersinia pestis History Historically, plague …

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Salmonellosis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria typically live in animal and human intestines and are shed through feces. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food. Types Salmonella is divided into two groups: Typhoidal Salmonella, which is made …

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Glucagonoma: Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Definition Glucagonoma is a rare tumor involving the pancreas. Glucagon is a hormone produced by the pancreas that works with insulin to control the amount of sugar in your blood. Glucagonoma tumor cells produce large amounts of glucagon, and these high levels create severe, painful, and life-threatening symptoms. History Fewer …

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