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Osteomalacia: Definition, Manifestations and Diagnosis.

Definition Osteomalacia means soft bones. Bone is a living, active tissue that’s continually being removed and replaced. This process is known as bone turnover. Bone consists of a hard outer shell (the cortex) made up of minerals, mainly calcium and phosphorus, and a softer inner mesh (the matrix) made up …

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Opisthorchiasis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Definition Opisthorchiasis is an infection caused by either of the two parasite worms, the cat liver fluke, or scientifically called Opisthorchis felineus  (also known as Opisthorchis tenuicollis), or the Southeast Asian liver fluke (called as Opisthorchis viverrini). The term “fluke” means flatfish, since these parasites are flat. Opistorhoz in fish …

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Obesity: Epidemiology, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Obesity is a complex disorder involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It increases your risk of diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure. Being extremely obese means you are especially likely to have health problems related …

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Ovarian cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Complications and Treatment

Definition The term “ovarian cancer” includes several different types of cancer that all arise from cells of the ovary. Most commonly, tumors arise from the epithelium, or lining cells, of the ovary. These include epithelial ovarian (from the cells on the surface of the ovary), fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal …

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Osteoporosis: Definition, causes, diagnosis and prevention

Definition Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures (breaks) in …

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