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Cardiomegaly – Causes, Complications and Prevention.

What is Cardiomegaly? An enlarged heart is medically known as cardiomegaly. Cardiomegaly can be caused by a number of different conditions, including diseases of the heart muscle or heart valves, high blood pressure, arrhythmias, and pulmonary hypertension. Cardiomegaly can also sometimes accompany longstanding anemia and thyroid diseases, among other conditions. …

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Colon Polyps – Causes, Treatment and Prevention.

Definition of Colon Polyps  Colon polyps or colorectal polyps are small, fleshy growths that form in the inner lining of the large intestine or the rectal region. These are usually benign although in some instances they can progress into cancer. In fact, malignant transformation in polyps is one of the …

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Cardiac Tamponade – Overview, Causes, and Diagnosis.

Overview Cardiac tamponade is a serious medical condition in which blood or fluids fill the space between the sac that encases the heart and the heart muscle. This places extreme pressure on your heart. The pressure prevents the heart’s ventricles from expanding fully and keeps your heart from functioning properly. …

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Costello Syndrome- Definition, Risk Factors and Treatment

Definition Costello Syndrome is a rare condition that affects many different parts of the body. Signs and symptoms generally include developmental delay, intellectual disability, distinctive facial features, loose folds of extra skin (especially on the hands and feet), and unusually flexible joints Affected people may also have heart abnormalities such …

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Carpenter Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.

Description Carpenter syndrome is a condition characterized by the premature fusion of skull bones (craniosynostosis); finger and toe abnormalities; and other developmental problems. The features in affected people vary. Craniosynostosis can give the head a pointed appearance; cause asymmetry of the head and face; affect the development of the brain, …

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Chancroid : Definition, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease/infection (STD/SDI) caused by bacterial infection and is highly contagious. Chancroid causes painful ulcers on and around the genitals in both males and females. Unlike common STDs such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, syphilis and herpes, cases of chancroid have been declining globally. However, it …

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Chalazion- Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Definition A chalazion is a swollen bump on the eyelid. It happens when the eyelid’s oil gland clogs up. It may start as an internal hordeolum (stye). At first, you might not know you have a chalazion as there is little or no pain. But as it grows, your eyelid …

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