C

Carpenter Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.

Description Carpenter syndrome is a condition characterized by the premature fusion of skull bones (craniosynostosis); finger and toe abnormalities; and other developmental problems. The features in affected people vary. Craniosynostosis can give the head a pointed appearance; cause asymmetry of the head and face; affect the development of the brain, …

Read More »

Chancroid : Definition, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease/infection (STD/SDI) caused by bacterial infection and is highly contagious. Chancroid causes painful ulcers on and around the genitals in both males and females. Unlike common STDs such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, syphilis and herpes, cases of chancroid have been declining globally. However, it …

Read More »

Chalazion- Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Definition A chalazion is a swollen bump on the eyelid. It happens when the eyelid’s oil gland clogs up. It may start as an internal hordeolum (stye). At first, you might not know you have a chalazion as there is little or no pain. But as it grows, your eyelid …

Read More »

Cryptosporidiosis: Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Definition Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal disease caused by microscopic parasites, Cryptosporidium, that can live in the intestine of humans and animals and is passed in the stool of an infected person or animal. Both the disease and the parasite are commonly known as “Crypto.” The parasite is protected by an …

Read More »

Conjunctivitis: Causes, Risk factors and Treatment.

Introduction Conjunctivitis is a nonspecific term used to describe an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which can be caused by a wide range of conditions. It is commonly referred to as “red eye” or “pink eye.” Conjunctivitis may result from primary involvement of the conjunctival tissue or may occur secondary to …

Read More »

Cryptococcosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition Cryptococcosis is a disease caused by fungi from the genus Cryptococcus that infect humans and animals, usually by inhalation of the fungus, which results in lung infection that may spread to the brain, causing meningoencephalitis. Cryptococcosis History In 1894 in Italy, Francesco Sanfelice was the first to isolate Cryptococcus …

Read More »

Colon cancer: Risk factors, Complications, and Diagnosis.

Introduction Colon cancer is also called as colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer is caused by the abnormal growth of epithelial cells which form the lining of the colon or rectum. These small growths (known as polyps) are often benign, although some have the potential to develop and become cancerous. It is …

Read More »