Bone Disorders

Biceps Tendonitis or Tendinitis- Causes and Treatment

Definition- Biceps Tendonitis Biceps Tendonitis is caused by micro-tears in the tendon and it is called tendonitis (sometimes spelled “tendinitis”). Even though tendons are tough, if you overuse them they can become sore and painful. Tendonitis can occur because of repetitive motion. For instance, professional baseball players, swimmers, tennis players, …

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Shoulder Impingement Syndrome – Causes and Diagnosis

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome – Definition Shoulder impingement refers to mechanical compression and/or wear of the rotator cuff tendons. The rotator cuff is actually a series of four muscles and tendons connecting the scapula (shoulder blade) to the humeral head (upper part of the arm bone). These muscles are located deep …

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Felty syndrome (FS)-  Causes, Treatment and Diagnosis

Definition Felty syndrome is a condition that includes rheumatoid arthritis, splenomegaly (enlargement of the spleen) and granulocytopenia (decreased level of the certain type of white blood cells). In Felty syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis is seropositive, which means that rheumatoid factor can be found in the blood. This syndrome is sometimes seen …

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Spondyloarthritis (SpA)- Definition, Symptoms, Types and Treatment

Definition Spondyloarthritis (also known as spondyloarthropathy) is the term which describes the connective tissue diseases. It is the group of inflammatory diseases, including arthritis of the peripheral joints and spine (sacroiliitis or spondylitis); including the area where ligaments and tendons attach to bones (enthesitis or enthesopathy). These diseases cause pain …

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Osteomalacia: Definition, Manifestations and Diagnosis.

Definition Osteomalacia means soft bones. Bone is a living, active tissue that’s continually being removed and replaced. This process is known as bone turnover. Bone consists of a hard outer shell (the cortex) made up of minerals, mainly calcium and phosphorus, and a softer inner mesh (the matrix) made up …

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Rickets: Epidemiology, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition  Rickets is a bone disorder caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Rickets leads to softening and weakening of the bones and is seen most commonly in children 6-24 months of age. Vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the gastrointestinal tract. A …

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Osteoporosis: Definition, causes, diagnosis and prevention

Definition Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures (breaks) in …

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