Paranoia – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Preventions

What is Paranoia? Paranoia involves intense anxious or fearful feelings and thoughts often related to persecution, threat, or conspiracy. Paranoia occurs in many mental disorders but is most often present in psychotic disorders. Paranoia can become delusions when irrational thoughts and beliefs become so fixed that nothing (including contrary evidence) …

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Hypertensive Heart Disease – Causes and treatments

Hypertensive Heart Disease – Definition Hypertensive heart disease is characterized by a firmly continuous high blood pressure in which the force of blood against the artery walls is too high. Continuous hypertension causes structural and functional abnormalities of the heart. This can also cause damage to the ventricular and arterial …

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Pilonidal Cyst – Causes and Treatment

What is Pilonidal cyst? A pilonidal cyst is an abnormal pocket in the skin that usually contains hair and skin debris. A pilonidal cyst is almost always located near the tailbone at the top of the cleft of the buttocks. Pilonidal cysts usually occur when hair punctures the skin and …

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Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP)- Causes and Treatment

Definition of Retinitis Pigmentosa Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the name given to a group of inherited eye diseases that affect the retina (the light-sensitive part of the eye). RP causes the breakdown of photoreceptor cells (cells in the retina that detect light). Photoreceptor cells capture and process light helping us …

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Acne Vulgaris – Causes, Treatment and Prevention

What is Acne vulgaris? Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit, which runs a chronic course and it is self-limiting. Acne vulgaris is triggered by Propionibacterium acne in adolescence, under the influence of normal circulating dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). It is a very common skin disorder which can present …

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Biceps Tendonitis or Tendinitis- Causes and Treatment

Definition- Biceps Tendonitis Even though tendons are tough, if you overuse them they can become sore and painful. This is caused by micro-tears in the tendon and it is called tendonitis (sometimes spelled “tendinitis”). Tendonitis can occur because of repetitive motion. For instance, professional baseball players, swimmers, tennis players, and …

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Batten Disease – Causes and Treatment

Batten Disease – Definition Batten disease is the name for a group of inherited nervous system disorders that most often begin in childhood and interfere with a cell’s ability to recycle a cellular residue called lipofuscin. Batten is commonly being used to describe the many forms of the disease, called …

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Eye Floaters – Types, Causes, and Treatment

Eye floaters definition Eye floaters are deposits or condensation in the vitreous (often referred to as vitreous humor, vitreous fluid, or vitreous gel), the material that fills the posterior part of the eye. People use the term eye floaters to describe seeing spots within their vision that move or “float” …

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Frostbite – Causes, Risk factors, and Diagnosis.

Definition of Frostbite Frostbite is a type of injury that can occur when your skin’s exposure to the cold. It is also refered as the freezing of body tissue (usually skin) that results when the blood vessels contract, reducing blood flow and oxygen to the affected body parts. The normal …

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Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis – Risk factors and Prevention.

Description – Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), also called extrinsic allergic alveolitis, is a respiratory syndrome involving the lung parenchyma and specifically the alveoli, terminal bronchioli, and alveolar interstitium, due to a delayed allergic reaction. Such reaction is secondary to a repeated and prolonged inhalation of different types of organic …

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Nail Clubbing – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.

Nail Clubbing – Overview Nail clubbing is a change in the structure of fingernails or toenails in which the finger and nail take on the appearance of an upside-down spoon, and become red and sponge-like. Clubbing is a medical condition first described by Hippocrates in which the fingers (and/or toes) …

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Interstitial Lung Disease – Complications and Treatment.

Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) – Description Interstitial lung disease is a general category that includes many different lung conditions. All interstitial lung diseases affect the interstitium, a part of the lungs’ anatomic structure. The interstitium is a lace-like network of tissue that extends throughout both lungs. The interstitium provides support …

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